Alternate History 🇺🇸 November 2, 1976: President Nelson Rockefeller wins election to full 4-year term and the aftermath

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Chapter 13: 1982 Midterm Elections (X)


Over in the Hawkeye State, Iowa Lieutenant Governor Terry Branstad held off a strong aggressive campaign from former US Attorney for the Southern District of Iowa Roxanne Conlin in a very hard-fought contest: keeping Terrace Hill (Residence of the Iowa Governor) in Republican hands.
Terry Branstad (R): 548,313 (52.81%)
Roxanne Conlin (D): 483,291 (46.55%)

Incumbent Kansas Governor John W. Carlin has defeated Sam Hardage to win reelection in the Sunflower State.
John W. Carlin (D-incumbent): 405,772 (53.16%)
Sam Hardage (R): 339,356 (44.46%)

Incumbent Maine Governor Joseph Brennan handily defeated Charles Cragin in a massive landslide victory and swept every county in the State and getting four more years in Blaine House.
Joseph Brennan (D-incumbent): 281,066 (61.91%)
Charles Cragin (R): 172,949 (38.09%)

Incumbent Maryland Governor Harry Roe Hughes has won reelection to a second term defeating Anne Arundel County Executive Robert Pascal in a landslide victory extending the Democrats' control of Government House for the fourth consecutive term in a row.
Harry R. Hughes (D-incumbent): 705,910 (61.97%)
Robert Pascal (R): 432,826 (38.00%)

Former Massachusetts Governor Michael Stanley Dukakis regained his old job by first defeating incumbent Massachusetts Governor Edward J. King in the Democratic primary and later trounced former Suffolk County Sheriff John W. Sears in the November general election in a resounding landslide victory winning a second non-consecutive term, keeping the Massachusetts Governorship in Democratic hands.
Michael Dukakis (D): 1,219,109 (59.48%)
John W. Sears (R): 749,679 (36.57%)

Three-term incumbent Michigan Governor William Grawn Milliken once agaim defeated former State Senator Sander Levin, the brother of United States Senator Carl Levin (D-MI) in a rematch from their 1970 and 1974 matchups. This time, Milliken won very resoundingly without any difficulty nor breaking a sweat; Milliken also carried all 83 counties in the Wolverine State securing a fourth full four-year term and keeping the Michigan Governor's Residence in Republican control for a seventh consecutive term in a row which will make him the nation's second longest-serving Governor with 18 years by 1 January 1987.
William G. Milliken (R-incumbent): 1,773,683 (65.83%)
Sander Levin (D): 683,257 (31.73%)

Incumbent Minnesota Governor Al Quie announced last year that he wasn't seeking reelection due to backlash over Reaganomics and controversial budget cuts he made during his four years in office which alienated a majority of Minnesotans. Former Minnesota Governor Rudy Perpich reclaimed the Governorship he held from 28 December 1976 to 4 January 1979 before losing reelection in 1978 to Quie. Perpich's landslide victory makes it the third pick-up for the Democrats tonight.
Rudy Perpich (D/DFL): 1,049,104 (58.76%)
Wheelock Whitlock (R): 711,796 (39.86%)

Vietnam War veteran and businessman Bob Kerrey pulled off a major upset in the Cornhusker State defeating incumbent Nebraska Governor Charles Thone, who was seeking reelection: making it the fourth pick-up for the Democrats tonight.
Bob Kerrey (D): 277,436 (50.64%)
Charles Thone (R-incumbent): 270,203 (49.32%)

Nevada State Attorney General Richard Bryan defeated incumbent Nevada Governor Robert List in the Silver State: giving Democrats their fifth pick-up on the US State/Territory Governorships.
Richard Bryan (D): 128,132 (53 30%)✔
Robert List (R-incumbent): 100,104 (41.65%)

Former State Rep. John H. Sununu has defeated two-term incumbent New Hampshire Governor Hugh Gallen, who was seeking reelection to a third two-year term in the Granite State, making it the second pick-up for Republicans.
John H. Sununu (R): 145,389 (51.47%)
Hugh Gallen (D-incumbent): 132,317 (46.84%)

Over in the Land of Enchantment, two-term incumbent New Mexico Governor Bruce Stanley King , who held the Governorship from 1 January 23rd 1971 to 1 January 1975 and again since 1 January 1979, was term limited from succeeding himself due to the one-term rule for New Mexico Governors. Former New Mexico State Attorney General Toney Anaya emerged victorious and keeping the Governor's Mansion in Democratic hands for the fourth consecutive term in a row.
Toney Anaya (D): 215,840 (52.97%)
John B. Irick (R): 191,626 (47.03%)

COMING UP IN CHAPTER 13 OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Part VI of US State/Territory Governorships in the 1982 Midterms.
Chapter 13: 1982 Midterm Elections (XI)


New York State Lieutenant Governor Mario Matthew Cuomo narrowly held off a very aggressive challenge from multimillionaire businessman Lewis Lehrman in the battle for the Enpire State Governorship thanks to strong support from New York City and the Burroughs, keeping the New York State Executive Mansion in Democratic hands. Cuomo will take office as the 52nd Governor on 1 January 1983 succeeding outgoing New York State Governor Hugh Leo Carey, who is not seeking reelection.
Mario Cuomo (D): 2,675,213 (50.91%)
Lewis Lehrman (R): 2,494,827 (47.48%)

With four-term incumbent Ohio Governor Jim Rhodes term limited from succeeding himself for a fifth term after 16 years in the Governor's Residence, former Ohio Lieutenant Governor Dick Celeste handily defeated US Rep. Clarence "Bud" Brown, Jr., (R-OH) in a massive landslide victory, giving the Democrats their sixth pick-up for the evening.
Dick Celeste (D): 1,981,882 (59.04%)
Clarence "Bud" Brown, Jr., (R): 1,303,962 (38.85%)

Incumbent Oklahoma Governor George Patterson Nigh became the first Oklahoma Governor to win reelection in state history by easily defeating Oklahoma State Auditor Tom Daxon by sweeping all 77 counties in the Sooner State for the fourth consecutive term in a row.
George Nigh (D-incumbent): 548,159 (62.0%)
Tom Daxon (R): 332,207 (37.6%)

Incumbent Oregon Governor Victor Atiyeh trounced State Senator Ted Kulongoski in a resounding landslide victory sweeping all counties in the Beaver State. It's unknown what Atiyeh's political future will be looking like going forward but it'll be quite interesting.
Victor Atiyeh (R-incumbent]: 639,841 (61.41%)
Ted Kulonogski (D): 374,316 (35.92%)

Overcoming strong backlash against Reaganomics including controversial budget cuts he made and unemployment rising inside the Keystone State as well as significant losses of crossover support from 1978, incumbent Pennsylvania Governor Richard Thornburgh narrowly won reelection defeating US Rep. Allen Ertel (D-PA) in a wild competitive gubernatorial election campaign that nobody anticipate being competitive nor saw coming. Thornburgh won 21% of African Americans, down from the 58% he had four years earlier.
Richard Thornburgh (R-incumbent): 1,872,784 (50.84%)
Allen Ertel (D): 1,772,353 (48.11%)

Meanwhile in the Ocean State, three-term incumbent Rhode Island Governor J. Joseph Garrahy swept all five counties in winning reelection to a fourth two-year term. Speculation is swirling around Garrahy potentially seeking a fifth term in 1984 and possibly beyond considering many Rhode Islanders viewed him as the most popular Rhode Island Governor in state history.
J. Joseph Garrahy (D-incumbent): 247,208 (73.30%)
Vincent Marzullo (R): 79,602 (23.60%)

Incumbent South Carolina Governor Richard Riley makes history becoming the first South Carolina Governor to win reelection since the 1920s by sweeping all counties in the Palmetto State.
Richard Riley (D-incumbent): 468,787 (69.8%)
WD Workman (R): 202,806 (30.2%)

Incumbent South Dakota Governor William Janklow has defeated State Senator Mike O'Connor in a resounding landslide victory.
William Janklow (R-incumbent): 197,429 (70.87%)
Mike O'Connor (D): 81,136 (29.13%)

Incumbent Tennessee Governor Lamar Alexander has won reelection defeating Knoxville Mayor Randy Tyree in a landslide victory making him the first Tennessee Governor to win back-to-back four-year terms in the Volunteer State.
Lamar Alexander (R-incumbent): 737,693 (59.56%)
Randy Tyree (D): 500,937 (40.44%)

Former Guam Governor Ricardo Bordallo defeated incumbent Guam Governor Paul McDonald Calvo in the US Territory's gubernatorial election, making it the seventh pick-up for the Democrats tonight.
Ricardo Bordallo (D): 15,199 (52.42%)
Paul McDonald Calvo (R-incumbent): 13,797 (47.58%)

Incumbent US Virgin Islands Governor Juan Francisco Luis was overwhelmingly reelected to a second full four-year term unopposed.
Juan Francisco Luis (ICM-incumbent): 13,373 (100.00%)

COMING UP IN CHAPTER 13 OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Part VII of the US State/Territory Governorships in the 1982 Midterms.
Chapter 13: 1982 Midterm Elections (XII)
*Texas Democratic Party sweep all of the statewide offices from United States Senator to Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
*Expanding supermajorities in both chambers of the Texas State Legislature.
*Backlash against Reaganomics key factor among voters in the Lone Star State despite personal popularity of President
Ronald Reagan.

United States Senator and Governor-elect Mark W. White, Jr., (D-TX) and his wife, incoming Texas First Lady Linda Gale White celebrating inside the Driskill Hotel in downtown Austin, Texas.

Meanwhile inside the Lone Star State, backlash against Reaganomics especially the ongoing Economic Recession of 1982 nationwide gave millions of Texans a chance to delivering their voices at the ballot box and in one of the major upsets in political history: United States Senator Mark Wells White, Jr., (D-TX) handily defeated incumbent Texas Governor William P. Clements, Jr., by a shocking wide double-digit margin of somewhere between 16-17 percentage points. And according to the exit polls, Senator White carried 229 out of 254 counties.

According to the Houston Chronicle, they reported that Senator White rode the massive and huge crest of statewide turnout and a surprisingly strong showing in his hometown of Houston (Harris County) on his way of easily kicking Governor Clements out of the Texas Governor's Mansion following just one term in office. Carried along the large Blue Wave with a massive full-scale statewide GOTV machine led by United States Senator Lloyd Bentsen (D-TX) and Texas Lieutenant Governor William Pettus "Bill" Hobby, Jr., easily scored easy reelection victories (Bentsen winning a third term in the US Senate contest while Hobby won a fourth term as Lieutenant Governor) respectively over their Republican opponents, which caused one of the largest Democratic sweeps of all statewide offices in the Lone Star State.

When 73% of the statewide precincts was reporting in all 254 counties, Senator White was leading by double digits with 57% of the statewide vote in such a commanding fashion, that the Associated Press and other national news networks such as CBS, NBC and ABC including CNN all projected Senator White the winner in the 1982 Texas Gubernatorial election.

Based on anonymous sources, Governor Clements refused to concede defeat and remained holed up inside his 11th floor hotel suite at the Sheraton Crest Hotel in Austin, where several hundred of his supporters gathered earlier in the evening before reality had sunk in. Clements, for his part, was in no hurry of conceding the election to White whatsoever until all of the votes are counted.

Over at the Driskill Hotel in Austin, Senator White and his family appeared before jubilant excited crowd of supporters inside the hotel ballroom shortly before midnight to officially declare victory: "If things continue as they have throughout the evening, Texas is going to have a new Democratic governor," he said during his victory speech. White was pleased with by the support and backing he received from Texas Railroad Commissioner Buddy Temple and outgoing four-term Texas Commissioner of the General Land Office Bob Armstrong, the two Democrats he defeated in the May 1, 1982 Democratic gubernatorial primary including getting the backing of former Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe and former Texas State Attorney General John L. Hill, Jr.,

Senator White repeated his well-known contention that if he's elected to the Governorship, the governorship will "be a watchdog, not a lapdog for the people of Texas." He also asserted by sending a strong and loud message before his happy crowd of supporters by bringing up the apparent and overwhelming Democratic landslide across the Lone Star State and including other parts of the country, tonight's victory sends a message to the Republican administration will not have any problems hearing.

"I think we can say to Ronnie (Reagan) and the rest of the country that the Democratic Party is alive and well in Texas," Senator and Governor-elect White told the jammed-packed crowd of jubilant, beer-sipping supporters (some of whom were drunk and wasted during the party).

Among those being carried into some of the down-ballot statewide offices in the Blue Wave:
*US Rep. Jim Mattox (D-TX) soundly crushed State Senator Bill Meier becoming the Lone Star State's Chief Law Enforcement Officer by as many as 29 percentage points. Mattox will replace outgoing Texas State Attorney General Joe Robert Greenhill, who was appointed to the position in 1981 by Governor Clements following the shocking shooting death of then-Texas State Attorney General Price Daniel, Jr.,

*Incumbent Texas State Comptroller of Public Accounts Bob Bullock destroyed Mike Richards in a resounding landslide reelection victory by 18 percentage points according to the latest returns.

*Travis County Commissioner Dorothy Ann Willis Richards made history as the first female to win statewide office since the late former Texas Governor Miriam Ferguson by being elected as the next Texas State Treasurer defeating Allen Clark by 22 percentage points.

*In the open contest for the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Garry Mauro handily defeated Woodrow Glascock by over 20+ percentage points. He will succeed outgoing four-term Texas Commissioner of the General Land Office Bob Armstrong who will be leaving office in January 1983 after 12 years in office.

*In the open contest for Texas Commissioner of Agriculture, Jim Hightower trounced Fred Thornberry in a landslide victory of 24 percentage points, becoming the Lone Star State's next Commissioner of Agriculture and will take office in January 1983 succeeding outgoing incumbent Texas Commissioner of Agriculture Reagan V. Brown, who had an infamous and controversial tenure such as calling Booker T. Washington a racially-charged epithet and also putting his hand into a fire ant mound when working to halt the spread of imported fire ants.

*Incumbent Texas Railroad Commissioner Jim Nugent handily won reelection defeating John T. Henderson by 25+ percentage points.

*Democrats also swept the remaining down-ballot statewide offices on the Texas Supreme Court and Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.

Mark W. White, Jr., (D): 1,973,683 (57.37%)✔
William P. Clements, Jr., (R-incumbent): 1,261,937 (41.25%)

COMING UP IN CHAPTER 13 OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Part VIII of the US State/Territory Governorships of the 1982 Midterms.
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Chapter 13: 1982 Midterm Elections (XIII)


Three-term incumbent Vermont Governor Richard Snelling defeated Vermont Lieutenant Governor Madeleine Kunin by double digits to win reelection to a fourth two-year term in the Green Mountain State.
Richard Snelling (R-incumbent): 93,111 (55.0%)✔
Madeleine Kunin (D): 74,394 (44.0%)

Over in the Badger State, incumbent Wisconsin Governor
Lee S. Dreyfus announced he wasn't seeking reelection which made the gubernatorial election a hotly contested battle. In the end, former Wisconsin Department of Administration Tony Earl handily defeated Terry Kohler in a landslide victory and carried critical counties such as Jefferson and Fond Du Lac, making this the ninth pick-up for the Democrats this evening.
Tony Earl (D): 896,872 (56.76%)✔
Terry Kohler (R): 662,738 (41.94%)

Two-term incumbent Wyoming Governor
Edgar Herschler remained personally popular and benefited from the national environment of the 1982 Midterms which boosted Democrats nationwide. Herschler defeated former State House Speaker Warren A. Morton to win reelection to a third term and keeping the Governor's Residence in Democratic hands inside the Equality State.
Edgar Herschler (D): 106,427 (63.1%)✔
Warren A. Morton (R): 62,128 (36.9%)

COMING UP IN THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Illinoisans wait and wonder who is the winner of the Illinois Governorship as the Land of Lincoln undergoes a full-scale statewide recount in all 102 counties.
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Chapter 13: Breaking News from the Land of Lincoln
*Saturday, December 4, 1982: Huge bombshell coming out of the Land of Lincoln: In a 6-1 decision, the Illinois Supreme Court sided with the reelection campaign of two-term incumbent Illinois Governor James Robert "Big Jim" Thompson and Republican officials that provisional and absentee ballots cast in the Collar counties. The 5,000 ballots in question give Thompson a final 683 vote margin in one of the state's closest gubernatorial elections in Illinois history. In its written ruling, the Illinois Supreme Court argued that circumstances leading to the late voting beyond the polling closing deadline were valid. "Not permitting the votes in question for this particular reason would be an unlawful infringement of voting rights. Therefore, an exclusion of named ballots is unconstitutional," the statement read.

Illinois Secretary of State
Jim Edgar confirmed during a press conference that he will certify the election results. In doing so, Governor Thompson has officially been reelected to a third term and will be taking office on January 10, 1983.


Former United States Senator
Adlai Stevenson, III (D-IL) addressed his supporters in the lobby of the Hilton Hotel in downtown Chicago at 4:00 PM CST to deliver his concession speech.

Former United States Senator
Adlai Stevenson, III (D-IL): "Thank you very much friends and family including many of our supporters. Thank you for coming. My fellow Illinoisans: just about 37 minutes ago, I called Governor Thompson and offered him my concession. I congratulated him on a very hard-fought victory and wished him the best of luck in the next four years in his third term as Governor of the State of Illinois. I told him and his entire team are in my prayers and the prayers of my family. That we all wish him to be a successful governor in these upcoming four years. Because only when he, takes the oath of office on January 10, 1983 for his third term in office, all Illinoisans want him to be very, very successful as our governor in all 102 counties. Governor Thompson thanked me and pledged his unbending commitment to be a governor of all Illinoisans , including the millions of Illinoisans who put their trust in me. Let me say once again on how thankful I am of all their support. It truly means quite a lot."
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Chapter 13: National and International Headlines (Fall 1982: XIV)
*Thursday, November 4, 1982: Rudd Lubbers becomes the new Prime Minister of the Netherlands; succeeding Andreas Van Agt, who resigned from the Prime Ministership following four years in office.

*Saturday, November 6, 1982: Paul Biya was sworn into office as the 2nd President of Cameroon succeeding Ahmadou Ahidjo, who held the Presidency since Cameroon became an independent country in 1960.

*Wednesday, November 10, 1982: Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev, who has held office since 1964 died of natural causes at the age of 75.

*Friday, November 12, 1982: KGB Director Yuri Andropov was chosen to succeed the late Leonid Brezhnev as the new Soviet President.

*Sunday, November 14, 1982: The Polish government released Lech Walesa following 11 months of confinement. Walesa had been the leader of Solidarity, Poland's independent labor union at the time he was taken into custody. On October 8th, the Polish government outlawed Solidarity but the independent labor union continued operating as an underground organization.

*Tuesday, November 16, 1982: Astronauts Vance Brand, Robert Overmeyer, William Lenoir and Joseph Allen ended their five day mission aboard space shuttle Columbia. The first four flights of the reuseable spacecraft had been test flights; Columbia performed their main priority task designed on doing: delivering satellites into space. It launched two communications satellites into orbit for commercial customers.

*Tuesday, November 23, 1982: Hurricane Iwa hits Hawaii which resulted in the death of 1 person; causing an estimated damage worth of $200,000,000; the first hurricane hitting the islands since 1959.
Chapter 13: National and International Headlines (Fall 1982: XV)
*Friday, November 26, 1982: Following the resignation of Zenko Suzuki, the Japanese National Diet named Yasuhiro Nakasone as the new Japanese Prime Minister.

*December 1, 1982: Amintore Fanfani becomes the new Prime Minister of Italy for the fifth time succeeding Giovanni Spandolini.

*December 1-9,1982: Full week of storms battered areas from California to the South. The Mississippi Valley was especially hammered by heavy rains, which resulted in causing record flooding. The floods had forced more than 35,000 to leave their homes and caused at least an estimate worth of damages totaling $500,000,000. Parts of the Northeastern United States recorded the warmest December temperatures ever in the region.


*November 30-December 4, 1982: US President Ronald Reagan returned to the United States following a five-day trip to Latin America where he visited Brazil (November 30th-December 3rd); Colombia (December 3rd); Costa Rica (December 3rd-4th) and Honduras (December 4th). President Reagan met with Brazilian President Joao Figueiredo; Colombian President Lieutenant General Seymour Quintero; Costa Rican President Luis Alberto Monge; Salvadoran President Alvaro Magana, Honduran President Roberto Suazo Cordova and Guatemalan President General Efrain Rios Montt.

*December 8, 1982: US Undersecretary of the Interior
Donald P. Hodel was confirmed by the Republican-controlled United States Senate after the resignation of then-US Energy Secretary James Burrows Edwards, who stepped down to become President of the Medical University of South Carolina.

*December 28, 1982: US Transportation Secretary
Drew Lewis announced his resignation as the 7th US Secretary of Transportation which will become effective on 1 February 1983 upon Senate confirmation of his likely successor, Director of the White House Office of Public Liaison Elizabeth Dole, the wife of United States Senator Bob Dole (R-KS).
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Chapter 13: National and International Headlines (Fall 1982: XVI)
*Monday, November 29, 1982: Following his landslide reelection campaign as the Grand Canyon State's 16th Governor, Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt announced his intention to stay in his current position by pretty much ruling out a potential campaign for the 1984 Democratic Party presidential nomination. In an official statement from his office, Babbitt said wrote that he "wants to continue bringing in his strong leadership leading Arizona into the next four years with strong, specific energetic focus beginning with the upcoming 1983 legislative session." The statement also says he wants to put more effort into maintaining the Democrats' advantage in the US State/Territory Governorships following the Democrats' surprising nine pick-ups of Governorships in the 1982 Midterm elections.

In the meantime, Babbitt has ruled out a presidential campaign. "It's not possible to focus on another exhausting political campaign for the Presidency of the United States and running the State of Arizona as your Governor at the same time," he told reporters. "Therefore, I am not going to run for President in 1984." Babbitt did leave open the door for a potential White House bid in the future, but he didn't elaborate as to when.

Ever since his shocking landslide victory in the 1982 Texas Gubernatorial election, United States Senator and Governor-elect Mark W. White, Jr., (D-TX) has been busy putting together his incoming administration ranging from appointments of department agency heads, boards, commissions among the like. There was also the situation as to who will succeed White in the United States Senate. Names have been bounded about as to whom will be appointed to the US Senate seat (as Governor-elect White announced before the Thanksgiving holiday break, he would resign his US Senate seat on the day of his inauguration as Texas' 43rd Governor).

Among the names being tossed around: Former US Ambassador to Mexico
Bob Krueger; Houston Mayor Kathy Whitmire; San Antonio Mayor Henry Cisneros; US Reps. Charlie Wilson (D-TX) and US House Majority Leader Jim Wright (D-TX) and former Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe. Sources state that White won't announce an appointee to his US Senate seat until the day he will be inaugurated as Governor on 18 January 1983.

30 NOVEMBER 1982
41% Approve

57% Disapprove
Chapter 13: National and International Headlines (Fall 1982: XVII)
*December 7, 1982: US President Ronald Reagan hosted Pakistani President Mohammed Zia Ul-Haq at the White House's South Lawn Grounds and then held bilateral talks for about an hour inside the Oval Office of the White House which included exchanges on the issue of nuclear weapons development.

Among the obvious tenuous issues clouding the US/Pakistan diplomatic relationship is the continuing pursuit of the Pakistani government in acquiring advanced nuclear technologies that are designed to give it nuclear weapons capabilities. American officials involved in the talks anonymously mentioned that Zia and his aides were forcefully reminded of "America's commitment against nuclear proliferation and our belief that Pakistani security will not be assisted" by the development of nuclear weapons.

For his part, Zia stressed that Pakistan has no intention of developing nuclear weapons but forcefully argued the right of developing nations to have nuclear energy. The nuclear weapons issue came up on Capitol Hill when Zia was meeting with the House Foreign Affairs and Senate Foreign Relations committees. According to United States Senator
Charles Mathias, Jr., (R-MD), "President Zia stressed very emphatically that it is not the intention of Pakistan to develop nuclear weapons and that it's not doing so."

During the Welcoming Honors Ceremony at the White House, both Presidents Reagan and Zia stressed the mutual security concerns for both Pakistan and the United States. "Pakistan today stands at the front-rank of the nations shouldering a great responsibility," Reagan said, referencing to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the nearly 3 million Afghan refugees who sought refuge in Pakistan.

Chapter 13: Bloody Revenge in Egypt
Mubarak's Most Deadliest Crackdown of all forms of opposition
Fall 1982
Since ascending to the Presidency upon the shocking assassination of then-Egyptian President Anwar Sadat on 6 October 1981, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak was determined to get rid of the Muslim Brotherhood and their supporters. In his point of view, there was NO MERCY!

During a press briefing at the Presidential Palace in the suburbs of Cairo, Mubarak stood up before large nest of microphones, and declared "Allah forgive me, but I cannot and must not be gracious towards those who attempted to destroy Egypt!" What soon followed during the Fall of 1981 and throughout all of 1982 stunned the Arab Republic of Egypt and also across the Arab World, as Mubarak carried out one of the most aggressive and ruthless purges of virtually all political opponents in any country that would make the late Soviet President Josef Stalin or the late Spanish dictator General Francisc Franco blush.

After violently torturing as much information out of the assassins led by Islambouli as possible, the captured cell of soldiers involved in the Sadat assassination were publicly executed by hanging. Some figures attached to three groups of the perpetrators like Egyptian Islamic Jihad and the Islamic Group, were next on Mubarak's hit-list. Those who were already serving time in prison, soon found themselves in firing squads in the prison courtyards; others were assassinated by death squads of the Egyptian Intelligence Service Agency or simply disappeared. Islamic polemicists Aywan al-Zawahiri and Tala'at Qasim were violently killed in their homes including members of their families also faced deadly violent ends.

Among those who joined the massive body count of Operation Cleansing: Omer Adbel-Rahman, was publicly executed in sending a message. Pretty much all of the members of the Muslim Brotherhood were being given life sentences, sadistically tortured and violently murdered in gruesome orgies of death that continued non-stop all the way until Summer 1983 and basically, all forms of opposition to the Mubarak regime pretty much vanished, never to be heard from again.

Islamists involved in the Sadat assassination weren't the only ones on the hit-list.

Many of the military opponents of Sadat, who launched a failed coup attempt against him in June 1981 and many of whom involved in the latter's assassination in the 10.06.81 Incident, were declared traitors, tortured and shot like dogs and animals. It didn't stop there: majority of the Nasserists critics and opponents were arrested, tried in courtroom trials and executed as well. By the end of the controversial Operation Cleansing, this left Mubarak aggressively stronger than ever before, and ironically, continuing Sadat's policies including staying in the Pro-West camp. The aggressive nature, speed and ferocity of his controversial purge had left many observers in other countries, some of whom kicking themselves that they didn't pull off similar moves themselves.

In fact, Egyptian military and intelligence "special advisers" and "special envoys" in other parts of the world were becoming a common occurrence throughout the 1980s and 1990s.

Crucially, Mubarak was seen as a ruthless and evil bastard, but according to foreign policy analysts and Middle East foreign affairs experts, Mubarak was the most ruthless son of a bitch and conniving bastard that the United States, United Kingdom, Israel, Iran and other countries needed and majority of whom were openly supportive of the Mubarak regime, which remained in power until his retirement in 2014 after nearly 33 years in office, making him the longest-serving President of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Mubarak would live a private life until his passing on 25 February 2020.

Mubarak was given a full State Funeral at the Tantawi Mosque in eastern Cairo that included many foreign dignitaries and members of the Diplomatic Corps. Following the State Funeral festivities, Mubarak was laid to rest at the Helipolis War Cemetery with full military honors.
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Chapter 13: Fallout from the 1982 Midterms
Aftermath of the 1982 Midterms
Fall 1982

".....It was a nice evening and turned out alright-some disappointments and some bell ringers. Lost 37 in the House------had to expect that it could've been worse.
Held the Senate 55-47. Millicent Fenwick lost in New Jersey------I'm sorry. I was very saddened to see Clements losing reelection in Texas by such a landslide margin.
But the highest bright spot of the 1982 Midterms was back in my beloved California, where we won back the Governor's Mansion and held onto the US Senate seat. Bye-bye and good riddance to that jackass Jerry Brown."
-Secret diary of President Ronald Wilson Reagan
Tuesday night, November 2, 1982

One can debate on whether the 1982 Midterm elections were a referendum on President Ronald Wilson Reagan's administration and especially Reaganomics. Despite Republicans holding onto their majority in the United States Senate, they suffered significant losses in the US House of Representatives by losing 37 House seats.

While Reagan was excited and gleefully happy that voters in his home State of California flipped the Governor's Mansion back to the Republicans with the election of
George Deukmejian, who narrowly and I mean narrowly, defeated three-term Los Angeles Mayor Thomas Bradley by more than 50,000 votes in the open gubernatorial election. The Reagan White House was super excited when three-term San Diego Mayor (and future California Governor) Pete Wilson defeated the unpopular retiring two-term incumbent California Governor Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown, Jr., in the hotly-contested California US Senate election.

Losing nine Governorships in Alaska, Arkansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, Ohio, Guam, Wisconsin and Texas had been largely expected by national Republicans, however, the night proved more difficult for Vice President
George Herbert Walker Bush, especially in his home State of Texas.

The Lone Star State that proved the most frustrating of the key marquee gubernatorial elections, especially as Bush strongly put it to Baker in the aftermath of the shocking Blue Wave, "Texas is our backyard for God's sake! How the Hell did Bensten and Hobby use that massive GOTV machine drive in all 254 counties? Now that Junior Senator (referencing to Governor-elect White) trounced Clements so badly, it's possible that Clements might not even try to seek a rematch in four years from now. The prospect of White being Governor for 12 years scares the shit out of me!"

There were several factors on why Clements failed to win reelection in 1982 despite the relative popularity of both President Reagan and Vice President Bush inside the Lone Star State. The national environment, which despite Reagan's gradually declining approval ratings in November 1982, was perhaps not all solid for Republicans as the party had assumed during its "Autumn of Action" and the Summer of 1982 unveiling the boldest and aggressive legislative agenda since the Rockefeller administration. Unemployment and inflation were creeping downward despite the highest inflation rates and unemployment rates skyrocketing due to the backlash over Reaganomics.

More crucially, was issues perhaps in Texas itself. The controversial and gaffe-prone incumbent Texas Governor
William Perry "Bill" Clements, Jr., (who previously served as US Deputy Secretary of Defense under Presidents Nixon and Ford; later US Secretary of Defense under President Rockefeller) had faced four years of facing difficult challenges and political headaches.

Clements didn't help himself any favors at all because of his dismissive and callous comments when Ixtoc, an offshore rig owned by SEDCO (which Clements had owned himself)------suffered a blowout which caused millions of gallons of oil being spilled into the Bay of Campeche in 1979. One year later, Judge William Wayne ruled in favor of the plaintiff in the Ruiz vs Estelle case, who argued that his treatment in Texas prisons was unconstitutional. Despite vetoing new money for prisons for 1980's budget, Clements was forced to ask the Democratic-controlled Texas State Legislature for additional funding to building new prisons in order to reducing prison overcrowding. There was also skirmishes over congressional redistricting including the obviously low numbers of female and minority appointees out of the Governor's office.

Despite these controversies and skirmishes, Clements' reelection prospects had seemed bright. And I should note, seemed bright....

The Democrats nominated United States Senator
Mark Wells White, Jr., (D-TX), who was widely seen as competent, experienced but not very inspiring to voters. What helped White's gubernatorial campaign was Clements' disastrous relationship with the Capitol Press Corps; the Economic Recession of 1982 and backlash against Reaganomics, quickly turned the gubernatorial election in Texas very competitive very quickly. What hurt Clements' reelection chances was obvious gaffes, shoot-from-the-hip comments, and campaign missteps: the campaign between the extreme wealthy multi-millionaire Republican incumbent and uninspiring Democratic United States Senator turned into a full-scale statewide referendum on Clements' personality and leadership from the past four years; And in the end, White trounced Clements by 16 percentage points (57% to 41%) and carried 229 out of 254 counties. According to Clements' own version of the Blue Wave of 1982 in the Lone Star State: "Losing reelection like that was so painful and humiliating. I have never been humiliated like that ever!"

What didn't surprise many political observers and analysts, Senator White, who was a protege and close friend of former Texas Governor
Dolph Briscoe (when White served as Texas Secretary of State, 1973-1977), ran to the hardcore conservative right endorsing aggressive capital punishment; being tough on crime; highlighting his staunch conservative voting record in the United States Senate; even casting himself as business-friendly. White's shocking landslide upset victory also coupled with running on Nixonian lines by out-dog-whistling Clements: zero tolerance for crime, new spending on transportation infrastructure, and cracking down on corrupt urban political machines, which annoyed many progressive and liberal Democrats.

Texas was the most humiliating for national Republicans considering the Lone Star State has 29 Electoral Votes heading into 1984. It was a Blue Wave hitting the Lone Star State, suggesting a pathway for the Democrats to competing for "Reagan Democrats". With his landslide victory, White was immediately launched as one of the rising stars of the Democratic Party, a national political party who badly needed fresh faces, and the urgency for Republicans to strike while the iron was hot ahead of more painful headaches for them with 1983 coming around the corner and with likely Democratic sweep of Governorships in Misssissippi (with the popular Winter heading for reelection), Kentucky and Louisiana (with the flamboyant Edwards expected to destroy Treen in campaign for historic third term in retaking the Louisiana Governor's Mansion).

Clements during a press conference inside the Reception Room of the Governor's office in the 2nd floor of the Texas State Capitol in downtown Austin on Wednesday, 3 November 1982, officially conceded the election to Senator White and offered his congratulations. "I am going back to Dallas and heading back home. Therefore, I will not be running for political office ever again." After leaving the Texas Governor's Mansion on January 18, 1983, Clements retreated back into philanthropic work in his hometown of Dallas and served as chairman of the Southern Methodist University Board of Governors. He would continue helping the Texas Republican Party rebuild from the humiliating spanking of 1982 in the later years from behind the scenes; Following the shocking assassination of President Reagan on November 13, 1983 in Seoul, Republic of Korea., Clements was tapped by President Bush to serve on the Burger Commission investigating the Reagan assassination and worked on Bush's reelection campaigns in 1984 and again in 1988. Clements would pass away on May 29, 2011 at the age of 94 and was buried at Grove Hill Memorial Park in Dallas.

As for the man who destroyed him in 1982, White encountered multiple headwinds during his first term as Governor. The Texas economy languished under watch; oil prices plunged with the Oil Boom going bust; the budget situation was dire and in danger of defaulting. Plus the controversial education reforms known as "No Pass/No Play" HB-72 in 1984 turned out to be very unpopular. Despite pleas from President Bush and national Republicans, Clements refused to seek the Governorship again in 1986. Instead, the Texas Republican Party nominated former Congressman
Kent Hance, who switched from the Democrats in 1985 to challenge Governor White. Despite facing multiple headwinds and aggressive attacks, Governor White overcame these obstacles and won reelection in 1986 by 22 percentage points (59% to 37%) and carried 203 out of 254 counties. In 1990, White easily trounced Midland oilman Clayton Williams in a massive landslide victory of 25 percentage points (61% to 36%), carrying 249 out of 254 counties securing his third term and would become the Lone Star State's longest-serving Governor with 12 years of service in the Texas Governor's Mansion, leaving office on January 17, 1995 with approval ratings at 73%, when he chose not to seek reelection in 1994, resulting in George Walker Bush (future 46th President of the United States), who rode the Red Wave of 1994 defeating United States Senator Ann Richards (53% to 45%) and won a smashing massive landslide victory in 1998 trouncing four-term Texas Commissioner of the General Land Office Garry Mauro (68% to 31%), carrying 239 out of 254 counties and garnered 27% of African Americans and 49% of Latinos, strong impressive showings for a Republican seeking statewide office. Bush, Jr's coattails resulted in Republicans sweeping all of the down-ballot statewide offices including flipping control of the Texas State Senate that year. As of this day, White remains the last Democrat to have occupied the Texas Governor's Mansion. White's 12 years as Texas Governor would later be surpassed by his successors James Richard "Rick" Perry, who served 14 years as the Lone Star State's 45th Governor from December 21, 2000 to January 20, 2015 and Gregory Wayne Abbott, who served 16 years as the Lone Star State's 46th Governor from January 20, 2015 to January 21, 2031.

White would ultimately serve as the 48th Vice President of the United States under then-President
Albert Arnold Gore, Jr., from January 20, 1997 until ascending to the Presidency as the 45th President of the United States upon Gore's death on December 4, 1997. White would finish out the remainder of Gore's term until January 20, 2001 when he chose not to seek reelection to a first full four-year term in 2000. After leaving the White House, White worked on construction of his Presidential Library on the campus of Baylor University in Waco, Texas: which would ultimately be debuted in the Spring of 2004. Upon his death on August 5, 2017 from a heart attack, White was first honored with a Gubernatorial State Funeral at Second Baptist Church in Houston, Texas on August 9, 2017; then he was flown aboard Special Air Mission 45 to Joint Base Andrews and given Arrival Honors along with the traditional 21 Cannon Salute. White laid in repose at the US Capitol Rotunda from August 9th-11th, where an estimated 5,373+ mourners filed past his flag-draped casket. Following State Funeral services at the Washington National Cathedral in Washington, DC., on August 11, 2017, White was flown to Austin, Texas: where he laid in repose inside the Texas State Capitol Rotunda before funeral services took place at the Shoreline Church in north Austin. Following funeral services, White was laid to rest with full military honors at the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas which included a loud thundering 21 Cannon Salute and flyover from the Texas Air National Guard, making him the first US President to be buried there.
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Chapter 13: Backstory of MWW
Backstory of Mark Wells White, Jr.,
11:01 AM CST, December 21, 1982
West Lake Hills, Austin, Texas


But before we get to the Inauguration festivities later in Chapter 13, here's some of the backstory on Mark Wells White, Jr., and how his road to the Texas Governor's Mansion was completed:

Born on March 17, 1940 in Henderson, Texas to the parents of Mark Wells White, Sr., and Sara Elizabeth Wells. When he was a year old, the family moved to Houston, where he attended public schools in the Houston Independent School District: graduating from Lamar High School in 1958. White worked his way through Baylor University in Waco, Texas: graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Business Administration in 1962 and Juris Doctorate from Baylor University Law School in 1965. He was elected Lawyer of the Year by the Baylor Law Fraternity, Phi Alpha Delta in 1977.

White married the love of his life, Linda Gale Thompson (where they met during their college days at Baylor University) in November 1966 and would become the parents of three children: Mark Wells White, III; Robert Andrew White and Elizabeth Marie White Russell.

His career in public service began with an outstanding record of tasks accomplished and goals achieved. It began in 1966 when he served as Assistant Attorney General of the Insurance, Banking and Securities Division, where he spent three years handling some of the first consumer protection investigations and representing state agencies in both trial and appellate cases. He also served in the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas Army National Guard during this time.

Following practicing law for four years with the Houston law firm of Reynolds, Allen and Cook, White was appointed as the 74th Texas Secretary of State by then-Texas Governor
Dolph Briscoe and was sworn into office on January 19, 1973, serving until February 1, 1977 when he was appointed to the US Senate seat of then-United States Senator John G. Tower (R-TX), who resigned his Senate seat after becoming US Secretary of Defense under then-President Nelson Rockefeller.

During the nearly five years he served as the Lone Star State's Chief Elections Officer, White supervised the first state-supported voter registration drive, including postage-free, annually updated registration which resulted in a record 6.3 million registered voters. He also streamlined the legal operations and making services more responsive to the public during his tenure. White was elected president of the National Association of the Secretaries of State in 1976, this was the association's highest office-and-he was elected secretary and treasurer earlier. He also improved communications between state agencies with the publication of the Texas Register, and made his office more responsive to the public by installing 24-Hour toll-free telephone service to answer questions on election law, bilingual voter assistance and other information.

Using the position of Texas Secretary of State very aggressively in promoting his name identification across the Lone Star State in all 254 counties and gaining national acclaim. In 1975, White took a high profile and controversial stand in in staunchly opposing the inclusion of Texas under the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, to the chargin of then-US Rep.
Barbara Jordan (D-TX) and United States Senator Lloyd Bentsen (D-TX), who were championing the extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Following the resignation of then-Senator Tower after being confirmed as President Rockefeller's US Secretary of Defense on February 1, 1977, Governor Briscoe appointed White as the junior United States Senator from Texas to finish out the remainder of Tower's second full term. He overwhelmingly won a special election in June 1977 with 72% of the statewide vote and carried all 254 counties in a field of 16+ candidates; White would then go onto winning reelection to his first full six-year term in 1978 defeating former Houston Mayor
Louie Welch in a landslide victory with 60% of the statewide vote.

During his nearly five years in the United States Senate, White co-sponsored multiple pieces of legislation and among them: the Puerto Rico Statehood Admissions Act of 1977 (which passed overwhelmingly and signed into law by President Rockefeller); Department of Energy Organization Act; Food and Agriculture Act of 1977; National Agricultural Research, Extension and Teaching Policy Act of 1977; Federal Reserve Reform Act of 1977; Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978; Civil Service Reform Act of 1978; Airline Deregulation Act; National Energy Conservation Policy Act; Panama Canal Act of 1979; Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act; Bayh/Dole Act of 1980; Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981; Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981; Military Cooperation with Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies Act among plenty other achievements. White also supported the Rockefeller, Holton and Reagan administrations' foreign policy and national defense policies including supporting the implementation of stimulus tax cuts, including then-President Holton's 1979 loan guarantees in saving the Chrysler Corporation from bankruptcy. White also voted for majority of judicial nominees of Presidents Rockefeller, Holton and Reagan; he also voted to confirm
Sandra Day O'Connor to the US Supreme Court in 1981 and voted to confirm William Rehnquist as Chief Justice including Antonin Scalia to the US Supreme Court respectively in 1982.

Due to his staunch opposition of including Texas under the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, White's relationship with civil rights leaders was distant due to the controversy during his tenure as Texas Secretary of State. However, once he won statewide office as United States Senator in 1977 and 1978, White voted in favor of the 25-year extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and also supported the Reagan administration's establishment of the White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities to increasing African American participation in federal education programs. He also voted in favor of establishing Juneteenth as a federal holiday, which was signed into law by President Rockefeller in 1977. White served on the following Senate committees: Armed Services; Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs; Judiciary Committee; Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry; Appropriations; Energy and Natural Resources; Foreign Relations.

During his time in the United States Senate, White was known for his staunch pro-business and pro-life stances; staunch supporter of the oil and gas industry; promoting prosperity in agriculture, the energy industry, the finish and maritime industries. He also worked stimulating economic growth, improving opportunities for small businesses and entrepreneurships; improving transportation systems and encouraging strong financial institutions and systems. Plus White also increased the hiring of women and minorities in administrative and policy-making positions and successfully pushed legislation called The National Student Code of Conduct Act of 1979 which has been adopted by school districts throughout the nation. And he continued his outstanding performance while serving in the United States Senate, 99% of his legislation (sponsored or co-sponsored) were passed by both houses of Congress and signed into law, White also modernized the internal operations of his Senate offices in Washington, DC., and Austin, Texas: by making it more responsive to the public installing 24-hour toll-free telephone services to answering questions on constituent services; computerization and good management.
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Chapter 13: Downfall of the Military Dictatorship in the Argentine Republic (I)
@The Immortal Watch Dog @49ersfootball @Ibanez
This upcoming installment is just for y'all.

Bracing for Impact: Argentine Republic
December 1982

Following an explosive bombshell expose revealing the gruesome and grisly details of the late Queen Elizabeth II being violently and sadistically tortured including how she was thrown out of the helicopter falling to her death in June 1982, the British people's hostility toward the Argentinians exploded into full-blown fury.

Incidents of violence against Argentinians had been common in parts of Europe including parts of the United Kingdom, where violent beatings and in some instances, innocent Argentinian women were mysteriously kidnapped and raped by a group of five British males, who wanted to "cleanse the world of these Argentinian bitches by putting them in their place." (more on this later on).

The Falklands War had been dragging on throughout all of 1982, especially since Argentine Republic President Lieutenant General Leopoldo Galtieri and many inside the Military Junta gave the green-light for the invasion of the Falklands on April 2nd. In one of the most worst days of the British Armed Forces in what many called "The San Carlos Bay Incident".

During the week of May 21st-26th, the British had lost a Harrier and two Royal Marine Gazelle helicopters to ground fire (where the Argentinians used Exocet weapons systems, which consisted of Exocet missile radars) during aggressive airstrikes on Argentinian airfields and installations in the Falklands on the morning of May 21st. Once they were alerted about the landing by the British, the Argentinians responded by sending 75 aircraft from the Argentinian Air Force in attacking British ships on that day. By staging in flights of four, the Argentinian Skyhawks and Daggers dropped 100-foot altitude for the last 100 NM to San Carlos Bay. Once they arrived, the Skyhawks and Daggers popped up over the hills and bored straight into British ships.

Now the British had dozens of air defense missiles that consisted of Sea Wolves, Sea Darts, Sea Slugs, Sea Cats and Rapiers including numerous anti-aircraft guns in defending the ships. The HMS Ardent was heavily damaged in an early attack by the Argentinians, who successfully sunk the ship later in the day. The HMS Antrim suffered horrific damage, which resulted in the deaths of 29+ British Naval and Marine soldiers; However, the HMS Brilliant, Argonaut and Broadswore had sustained moderate damage. Both British landing ships, Sir Galahad and Sir Lancelot both suffered devastating damage from the kinetic energy of the bombs, which exploded on impact. The Sir Bedivere narrowly escaped due to having some slight damage.

On May 25th, the day of the Argentine Republic's independence day and national holiday, the Southern Air Force upped the ante even further by attacking the British fleet, HMS Conventry with five bombs, causing it to sink in about three and half hours. This was accomplished by the FAS Skyhawks. If that wasn't enough, Super Etendards of the 2nd Escuadrilla launched three devastating Exocet missiles at the HMS Invencible, which had been stationed north of the landing site. One of the Exocet missiles struck at the cargo ship Atlantic Conveyor, which didn't have any chaff protection and as a result: it was struck, crippled and sunk into the sea; the British lost 10 out of 12 men and 10 helicopters that the Atlantic Conveyor was transporting.

The Falklands War had dragged on non-stop throughout the entire Summer and Fall of 1982, which escalated to a full-scale fever pitch when an expose in the French Republic leaked out a story which would have horrific ramifications.....

COMING SOON IN CHAPTER 13 OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Part II of Bracing for Impact in the Argentine Republic.
Chapter 13: Personal PoV's (Fall 1982: I)
......"it was assumed by some inside the Military Junta of the Argentine Republic that the Falklands War was supposed to be a short war within six months at the most. However, despite some victories along the way, it became more apparent that the Argentine Republic was going to become more isolated on a diplomatic scale. Over 57,000+ Chilean military personnel troops had been deployed at the orders of Pinochet and there was speculation about the Brazilians getting into the act as well in terms of doing questionable joint military exercises with the British Armed Forces in undisclosed locations.

Mexico was facing constant pressure or lobbying efforts from the Reagan administration and especially from Schultz at the US State Department to do something in order to prevent the Falklands War from escalating into a full-scale quagmire that is already happening. Robles ordered Mexican diplomats to leave the Argentine Republic effective immediately sometime around early October 1982. Televisa had reported that Robles was hosting British Prime Minister Geoffrey Howe and it's unknown what was discussed in the meeting, but it's being alleged that Robles was rumored to have agreed to deploying somewhere around 25,000+ Mexican Army personnel troops in assisting the British in their fight of the Falklands.

After the 1982 Midterms on November 2nd, Reagan held a closed-door meeting of the National Security Council and monitored the escalating situation in the Falklands. Nobody knew what to expect in terms of how this long dragged-out war would end between the United Kingdom and the Argentine Republic...."
-The Falklands War of 1982: 41 Years On.
Chapter 13: Personal PoV's (Fall 1982: II)
......"The United Kingdom had received full political support from member countries of the Commonwealth such as Canada, Australia and New Zealand: where they withdrew their diplomats from Buenos Aires and expelling Argentinian diplomats out of their countries once the Falklands War broke out. I knew right then, with the mysterious kidnapping of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II during the Spring of 1982, some of us were distracted by her whereabouts and the suspect list was very long..."
-Excerpt from the Autobiography of Geoffrey Howe: Leadership during Tough Times (1991)

....."The military rulers of the Argentine Republic must not be appeased.... New Zealand will back Britain all the way."
-Opinion piece from New Zealand Prime Minister Robert Muldoon in The Times (Spring 1982).

..."If you're asking me: 'Are the French duplicitous people? The answer is: 'Of course they are, and they always have been."
-John Nott
Former British Defence Secretary
5 March 2012
How France helped both sides in the Falklands War.

Chapter 13: Personal PoV's (Fall 1982: III)
......"we assumed that by invading the Falkland Islands because I assumed that this would be a very short war and I thought the British wouldn't dare send any military troops to getting the Falklands back. I was wrong and so were we.. While we were distracted fighting the British over in the Falklands, it exposed our southwestern flank when Pinochet launched an invasion of the Argentine Republic from the right side when Operacion Brito was launched. The Chilean Navy was ready along with the Marines, who accompanied by 29,000+ Chilean Army personnel troops touched down on Freycinet and Horn, which turned into an easy Chilean victory...."
Reynaldo Bignone
Former President of the Argentine Republic
-How Chile played a key role in the downfall of the Argentinian Military Junta
Spring 2004

......"Galtieri was hoping for more assistance from the Peruvians, Venezuelans and Bolivians including others, who were sympathetic to the Argentinians' cause of believing the Falklands belonging to them. Now with the British counteroffensive getting more and more successful in the most recent months, it wasn't if the Military Junta would fall, but when. And backlash against Galtieri was brewing amongst the populace once a particular expose was leaking graphic details on how the late Queen Elizabeth II was tortured and eventually killed."
-Operation Sociopath and the international backlash
Summer 2011
Chapter 13: Personal PoV's (Fall 1982: IV)
....."The Taiwanese government had gotten the green-light in Fall 1975 to reinstate their nuclear weapons programs, which was completed within a year later. Something was bound to escalate as the KMT dictatorship was itching to start an invasion by taking parts of their lost territory from the 1948 Civil War that forced Chiang Kai-shek to fleeing to Taiwan. Chiang's son, Taiwanese President Chiang Ching-kuo was determined to follow through with his father's policy of "Reclaiming the Mainland" by any means necessary.

And he had good reason of doing so since Taiwan was officially a nuclear power nation. While the world was distracted with the shocking death of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II including the dragging Falklands War between the Argentine Republic and United Kingdom, this was the time for Taiwan to strike at their mainland rivals, the People's Republic of China and launch a bloody war regardless of international criticism."
-Taiwan: How they become an international nuclear superpower in the Asian Pacific
Spring 2011.
Chapter 13: Personal PoV's (Fall 1982: V)
......"An expose from TF1 in Paris revealed gruesome and grisly details of how the late Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II was violently and sadistically tortured by the infamous Argentinian 601 Intelligence Battalion death squad members, who gleefully took turns torturing her, even raping her before they placed her into a helicopter in the middle of the night in June 1982, where they shoved her out of the helicopter, causing her to fall to her death somewhere over Brazil or the Argentine Republic.

It took months for anyone to find her body because the world didn't know where she was. Sometime around September of 1982, when the Brazilians confirmed the body identified at an undisclosed location was that of the Queen. The world mourned the death of Queen Elizabeth II and questions began to ensue: who were the suspects, what was their motives of kidnapping and killing the Queen? How far and deep does this sinister and deadly conspiracy goes...."

As word broke out throughout the United Kingdom in regard to how the Argentinian 601 Intelligence Battalion death squad's involvement in the Queen's death, anti-Argentinian sentiment inside the United Kingdom escalated even further and incidents of violence against Argentinian citizens occurred in parts of Europe especially in the United Kingdom. There were some instance of the disappearances of 37 young Argentinian women by a group of British right-wing paramilitary groups in the name of "Avenging the Queen".

-Excerpt from "Conspiracy to topple the British government: How the Argentinian Military Junta almost brought down the United Kingdom"
Summer 2011.


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